‘L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature’(L1-ESLL) publishes high quality research on learning and teaching in the domains of L1 language and of literature. By ‘L1 instruction’ we mean, language of instruction (that is, typically a region’s language of instruction) that serves the learning needs of students where the language taught is the first language as well as the learning needs of students where it actually is their second language. We also welcome papers on the learning and teaching of minority languages which are the first language for some students but differ from the language of instruction, and of heritage languages which form part of the cultural traditions in which students grow up. We do not, however, publish research on the teaching and learning of foreign languages.


Our aim is to connect individuals involved in the teaching and learning of L1 languages and literatures from different countries and regions. Studies in L1 teaching and learning are done in many countries, but often in “splendid isolation”. L1-ESLL offers an international forum for research and scholarly discussion on current issues and pedagogical practices.


L1-ESLL is the official journal of the International Association for Research in L1 Education (ARLE). ARLE seeks to build a network of specialists in L1 education and to encourage quality L1 education that is informed by research. For more information, visit the ARLE website at

L1 Publication Ethics Statement

Please click here to read the full L1 Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement.